Livros e Apostilas de Astronomia

Telescópios ... Página 2

The Mirror, the Window, and the Telescope: How Renaissance Linear Perspective Changed Our Vision of the Universe By Samuel Y. Edgerton

Publisher: Cornell University Press 2009 | 199 Pages | ISBN: 0801474809 , 0801447585 | PDF | 27 MB

In The Mirror, the Window, and the Telescope, Samuel Y. Edgerton brings fresh insight to a subject of perennial interest to the history of art and science in the West-the birth of linear perspective. Edgerton retells the fascinating story of how perspective emerged in early fifteenth-century Florence, growing out of an artistic and religious context in which devout Christians longed for divine presence in their daily lives. And yet, ironically, its discovery would have a profound effect not only on the history of art but on the history of science and technology, ultimately undermining the very medieval Christian cosmic view that gave rise to it in the first place.

Among Edgerton's cast of characters is Filippo Brunelleschi, who first demonstrated how a familiar object could be painted in a picture exactly as it appeared in a mirror reflection. Brunelleschi communicated the principles of this new perspective to his artist friends Donatello, Masaccio, Masolino, and Fra Angelico. But it was the humanist scholar Leon Battista Alberti who codified Brunelleschi's perspective rules into a simple formula that even mathematically disadvantaged artists could understand. By looking through a window the geometric beauties of this world were revealed without the theological implications of a mirror reflection. Alberti's treatise, "On Painting," spread the new concept throughout Italy and transalpine Europe, even influencing later scientists including Galileo Galilei. In fact, it was Galileo's telescope, called at the time a "perspective tube," that revealed the earth to be not a mirror reflection of the heavens, as Brunelleschi had advocated, but just the other way around.

Building on the knowledge he has accumulated over his distinguished career, Edgerton has written the definitive, up-to-date work on linear perspective, showing how this simple artistic tool did indeed change our present vision of the universe.

About the Author
Samuel Y. Edgerton is Amos Lawrence Professor of Art History Emeritus at Williams College. He is the author of many books, including Theaters of Conversion: Religious Architecture and Indian Artisans in Colonial Mexico and The Heritage of Giotto's Geometry: Art and Science on the Eve of the Scientific Revolution.

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Homebuilt Reflector Telescope

Sam Brown | Edmund Scientific Co | 37 pages | scanned PDF | 2 mb

Telescope building is a hobby any person can enjoy regardless of manual skill or workshop equipment. The easy way, of course, is to buy your optics and parts readymade, thereby reducing the job to a simple matter of assembly. The most satisfaction is obtained when you make some or all the parts yourself, and the biggest thrill of allis to grind and polish your own mirror. With your own hands you can fashion a glass surfce accurate to a millionth of an inch.

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Jingquan Cheng, "The Principles of Astronomical Telescope Design"

Springer | 2009 | ISBN: 0387887903 | 634 pages | PDF | 10,3 MB

This book presents a complete summary of the author's twenty five years of experience in telescope design. It provides a general introduction to every aspect of telescope design. It also discusses the theory behind telescope design in depth, which makes it a good reference book for professionals. It covers Radio, Infrared, Optical, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray wavelengths. Originally published in Chinese.

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Harrie G. J. Rutten, Martin A. M. Van Venrooij, «Telescope Optics : Complete Manual for Amateur Astronomers»

Willmann-Bell | ISBN: 0943396182 | 1988 | PDF | 374 pages | 29.45 MB

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Rod Mollise, "Choosing and Using a New CAT: Getting the Most from Your Schmidt Cassegrain or Any Catadioptric Telescope"

Springer | 2008 | ISBN: 0387097716 | 335 pages | PDF | 43,6 MB

Choosing and Using the New CAT will supercede the author’s successful Choosing and Using a Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope, which has enjoyed enthusiastic support from the amateur astronomy community for the past seven years.

Since the first book was published, a lot has changed in the technology of amateur astronomy. The sophistication and variety of the telescopes available to amateurs has increased dramatically. Computerized SCTs, Maksutov-Cassegrains, and most recently Meade’s new and acclaimed Ritchey-Chrétiens have come to dominate the market. That means that all amateurs considering the purchase of a new telescope (not only a SCT, and not just beginners) will benefit from this detailed guide. Choosing the right telescope for particular kinds of observation (or even for general work) is far from easy – but Rod Mollise gives invaluable advice and guidance.

Today’s commercially-made astronomical telescopes are more complex than ever, and a new owner will swiftly discover that the manuals shipped with these telescopes leave much to be desired. Further guidance is a must. Choosing and Using the New CAT provides the missing information in a friendly but authoritative fashion, including imaging the solar system and deep space with the CCD cameras, video, and webcams that have almost completely supplanted ‘film’ cameras.

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Reflecting Telescope Optics I

Springer | 2007-10-12 | ISBN: 3540401067 | 569 pages | PDF | 9,2 MB

R.N. Wilson's two-volume treatise on reflecting telescope optics has become a classic in its own right. It is intended to give a complete treatment of the subject, addressing the professional in research and industry as well as students of astronomy and amateur astronomers. This first volume, Basic Design Theory and its Historical Development, is devoted to the theory of reflecting telescope optics and systematically recounts the historical progress.

The author's approach is morphological, with strong emphasis on the historical development. The book is richly illustrated including spot-diagrams analysing special systems in modern form. In this second edition, the historical section has been revised. Various improvements to the text have been made and new systems such as the 4-lens corrector of Delabre and the LADS corrector are now covered in this volume. The concluding part II treats Manufacture, Testing, Alignment, Modern Techniques.

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