Livros e Apostilas de Astronomia


Standard Handbook for Telescope Making

Thomas Y. Crowell Publishing | 1959 | ISBN: B000O0AFBU | 333 pages | DjVu | 5,2 MB

A scientifically accurate yet easy-to-use guide to the art and science of telescope making.

Learn how to:

* choose the right telescope to build
* buy inexpensive equipment and tools
* rough and fine grind the mirror
* test and polish for a perfect mirror
* select the correct eyepiece
* construct the tube and its fittings
* mount and use your telescope
* plan and build a complete observatory
* photograph the stars

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Gerald Rottman,
"The geometry of light: Galileo's Telescope, Kepler's Optics"
Gerald Rottman | 2008 | ISBN: 0981941605 | 118 pages | PDF | 1,1 MB

The Geometry of Light provides readers access to pioneering ideas about light, vision, and the telescope as they appear in Johannes Kepler's book Dioptrice. Kepler's book beautifully illustrates the power of elementary geometry to explain the physical world. But Kepler wrote for fellow mathematicians, not a general audience. The Geometry of Light makes Kepler's ideas accessible to anyone who has studied high school geometry.

Johannes Kepler was a giant of seventeenth-century science. A contemporary of Galileo, Kepler is principally known as a founder of modern astronomy. His work in theoretical astronomy complemented Galileo's observations in promoting the heliocentric model of the solar system.

In 1609, Galileo heard reports of an invention that made distant objects appear close. Galileo proceeded to construct his own telescope, and discovered that four moons rotated around Jupiter. This was a direct refutation of the prevailing belief that all heavenly bodies rotated around Earth.

Inspired by Galileo's use of the telescope, Kepler developed a theory of lenses that served as a basis for rational telescope design. He published this work in a short book titled Dioptrice. Kepler perceived that the telescope produced its effect by means of the refraction of light. In Dioptrice, Kepler explains how the refraction of light results in the magnification of distant objects.

Kepler's geometric approach conveys an intuitive grasp of optics that is hard to obtain using modern methods. In addition, Kepler's theory of lenses has a special charm because it achieves so much with so little. It is truly a breathtaking experience to follow Kepler as he deftly lays the foundations of modern optics using only a few simple principles.

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Eileen Reeves, "Galileo's Glassworks: The Telescope and the Mirror"

Harvard University Press 2008 | ISBN-10: 0674026675 | 240 Pages | PDF | 2,2 MB

The telescope was "invented" in 1608. But what about the events leading up to it? Galileo and his contemporaries were searching for a device with which "from an incredible distance we might read the smallest letters." Eileen Reeves tells a story of "cultural optics:" magical mirrors and political intrigue, and investigators looking for magnifying power in all the wrong places, while the solution lay in the humble spectacle lenses on their noses. An excellent read, and an important contribution to the history of science.
--Albert van Helden, Lynette S. Autrey Professor of History, Rice University (20071015)

Eileen Reeves' book provides us with a significant effort for a better understanding of the cultural features involved in the making of the telescope. Highly original and innovative, Galileo's Glassworks paves the way for further inquiries that will deepen our knowledge of the relationship between well-established cultural models and technological innovations.
--Michele Camerota, Professor of the History of Science at the University of Cagliari (20080522)

In Galileo's time, [Reeves] reports, many scientists and amateurs were experimenting with optics and purloining each other's results in a complex game of cross-national thievery. Reeves's study is a skillful interpretative blend of legend, history and science about lenses, mirrors and their conjoining in the telescope. (Publishers Weekly )

Scattered with intriguing nuggets. (Kirkus Reviews )

Fascinating...Eileen Reeves shows just how tangled with myth and legend the history of the telescope, and Galileo's pioneering use of it, actually was...Ms. Reeves recounts this complicated history with great flair. She is more interested in the missteps and the stumbles that accompanied momentous discoveries than in their scientific significance, and rightly so. The tale of Galileo's telescope is, as it turns out, an intensely human one. Sometimes, amid the intrigue and the campaigns of slander and distortion which surrounded Galileo's discoveries, it seems as if the chief obstacle to a clear-sighted gaze at the heavens lay not in better optics but in piercing dense clouds of misconception. As Ms. Reeves shows, Galileo was no isolated genius; he built on the scattered findings of his predecessors. To certain contemporaries, he appeared as a modern Prometheus, but he was also a shrewd operator, as ambitious as he was inquisitive. There was something both sublime and stubborn in his nosiness, yet in the end it led him to the stars.
--Eric Ormsby (New York Sun )

Reeves's splendid account is a cultural and social history that sets Galileo's telescope in the rich landscape of optical science from the Middle Ages to the modern period.
--Simon Mitton (Times Higher Education Supplement )

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Richard Berry, "Build Your Own Telescope"

Scribner Book Company | 1985-12 | ISBN: 0684184761 | 276 pages | PDF | 32 MB

Great book on telescope building. A wonderful place to start for someone that has more curiosity than ready cash. Very informative.

Berry's talent lies is paring down a lot of the information available in other books, and telling you in clear, simple terms what you need to know. His directions for grinding a telescope mirror are the clearest you've read. His technique for mirror grinding is clearly explained and easier to follow than many other books. There are also sections on testing mirrors, collimation, and other subjects helpful to amateur telescope makers. If you intend to build your own telescope, this book is a must. Even if you are a do-it-your-selfer who doesn't desire to build a telescope, or you have a general interest in astronomy, you'll find this book interesting.

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How to Use a Computerized Telescope

Cambridge University Press | 2002-11-04 | ISBN: 0521007909 | 240 pages | PDF | 5,2 MB

How to Use a Computerized Telescope describes how to get a computerized telescope up-and-running, and how to embark on a program of observation. Michael Covington explains in detail how the sky moves, how a telescope tracks it, and how to get the most out of any computerized telescope. Packed full of practical advice and tips for troubleshooting, his book gives detailed instructions for three popular telescopes: the Meade® LX200, Celestron^DCC NexStar 5 and 8, and Meade® Autostar^DTM (ETX and LX90).

Michael A. Covington is an associate research scientist at the University of Georgia. He is a computational linguist trained in the computer processing of human language and the computer modeling of human logical reasoning, and a widely recognized expert on the Prolog programming language. He is the author of nine books including Dictionary of Computer and Internet Terms, Seventh Edition (Barron's, 2000), Astrophotography for the Amateur (Cambridge, 1999), PROLOG Programming in Depth (Simon & Schuster, 1996), Cambridge Eclipse Photography Guide (1993), and Syntactic Theory in the High Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1985). A senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Covington is a Contributing Editor to, and former "Q&A" columnist of, Poptronics magazine.

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More Telescope Power

Jossey-Bass | 2002-03-11 | ISBN: 0471409855 | 128 pages | PDF | 2,6 MB

Discover the power of your telescope as you explore the vast reaches of the universe. Want to explore Mars? Observe Jupiter’s cloud bands? Visit a galaxy that’s almost 2 million light years away? With More Telescope Power, you can do all of that and more! Under the guidance of experienced astronomer Gregory Matloff, you’ll uncover the full potential of your telescope as you take a fascinating tour of the universe.

Along the way you’ll learn plenty of new observation techniques, including: using various eyepieces and filters; tracking satellites; observing comets and meteors; using sunspots to determine solar rotation; and much, much more. Filled with dozens of all-new stargazing projects and observing activities, this detailed guide also contains plenty of helpful illustrations such as finder charts, lunar and solar eclipse tables, diagrams, and photos. Whether you’re a science teacher searching for simple telescope projects, an amateur astronomer just learning to use your new telescope, or a science student with a yen for the stars, you’ll find everything you’re looking for in More Telescope Power.

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